Describing an invention in a patent application

Title and field of the invention for patent application

Title of the invention is a useful source of information in a patent application. The title should be informative and placing the title of the invention at the top of the first page of the specification is a general practice for describing the invention in patent application. Generally, title of the invention in a patent application is used to convey main content of the invention.

Some Do’s and Don’ts for writing title of the invention

  1. Title should be brief, precise and should not be more than 15 words.
  2. Title of the invention shall sufficiently indicate the specific features of the invention.
  3. Title need not be the same as the preamble of the main claim.
  4. Title of the invention must not disclose novelty.
  5. Title of the invention should be free from fancy expressions or ambiguity.

Guidelines for writing title of the invention in patent application

  1. The title of the invention should be meaningful.
  2. The title should clearly, concisely and specifically indicate the subject to which the invention relates.
  3. If the patent application contains claims in different categories (product, process, apparatus) then it should be evident from the title of the invention.
  4. The word “patent,” personal names, fancy names, fancy expression, trade names, trademarks, abbreviations or terms such as “etc.” which do not serve to identify the invention should not be used in the title.
  5. Articles should not be used as the first word of the title of the invention.
  6. The words such as ‘new’, ‘improved’, ‘improvement of’ and ‘improvement in’ should not be included at the beginning of the title of the invention.

Field of the invention

The field of the invention should broadly tell about the category of the invention. The field section of the patent application should contain field and sub-field of the invention. The field should be very broad and the sub-field should be specific about the subject matter of the invention. The field of the invention should not be narrow.

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